Independent validation of CT radiomics models in colorectal liver metastases: predicting local tumour progression after ablation.

Abstract

CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT

Local tumour progression after thermal ablation of CRLM cannot yet be predicted with the use of CT radiomics of the ablation zone and peri-ablational rim. These results underline the importance of validation of radiomics results to test for reproducibility in independent cohorts.

RESULTS

The internal cohort included 39 patients with 68 CRLM and the external cohort 52 patients with 78 CRLM. 34/146 CRLM developed LTP after a median follow-up of 24 months (range 5-139). The median time to LTP was 8 months (range 2-22). The combined clinical-radiomics model yielded a c-statistic of 0.47 (95%CI 0.30-0.64) in the internal cohort and 0.50 (95%CI 0.38-0.62) in the external cohort, compared to 0.78 (95%CI 0.65-0.87) in the previously published original cohort. The radiomics model yielded c-statistics of 0.46 (95%CI 0.29-0.63) and 0.39 (95%CI 0.28-0.52), and the clinical model 0.51 (95%CI 0.34-0.68) and 0.51 (95%CI 0.39-0.63) in the internal and external cohort, respectively.

KEY POINTS

• Previous research suggests CT radiomics models have the potential to predict local tumour progression after thermal ablation in colorectal liver metastases, but independent validation is lacking. • In internal and external validation, the previously published models were not able to predict local tumour progression after ablation. • Radiomics prediction models should be investigated in independent validation cohorts to check for reproducibility.

CONCLUSION

The previously published results for prediction of LTP after thermal ablation of CRLM using clinical and radiomics models were not reproducible in independent internal and external validation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Patients with CRLM treated with thermal ablation were collected from two institutions to collect a new independent internal and external validation cohort. Ablation zones (AZ) were delineated on portal venous phase CT 2-8 weeks post-ablation. Radiomics features were extracted from the AZ and a 10 mm peri-ablational rim (PAR) of liver parenchyma around the AZ. Three previously published prediction models (clinical, radiomics, combined) were tested without retraining. LTP was defined as new tumor foci appearing next to the AZ up to 24 months post-ablation.

OBJECTIVES

Independent internal and external validation of three previously published CT-based radiomics models to predict local tumor progression (LTP) after thermal ablation of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM).

More about this publication

European radiology
  • Volume 34
  • Issue nr. 6
  • Pages 3635-3643
  • Publication date 01-06-2024

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