A prospective observational registry evaluating clinical outcomes of Radium-223 treatment in a nonstudy population.


The ALSYMPCA study established a 3.6 month Overall Survival (OS) benefit in metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) patients treated with Radium-223 dichloride (Ra-223) over placebo. Here we report clinical outcomes of Ra-223 treatment in a nonstudy population. In this prospective registry, patients from 20 Dutch hospitals were included prior to Ra-223 treatment. Clinical parameters collected included previous treatments and Adverse Events. Primary outcome was 6 months Symptomatic Skeletal Event (SSE)-free survival, while secondary outcomes included Progression-Free Survival (PFS) and Overall Survival (OS). Of the 305 patients included, 300 were evaluable. The mean age was 73.6 years, 90% had ≥6 bone metastases and 74.1% were pretreated with Docetaxel, 19.5% with Cabazitaxel and 80.5% with Abiraterone and/or Enzalutamide. Of all patients, 96.7% were treated with Ra-223 and received a median of 5 cycles. After a median follow-up of 13.2 months, 6 months SSE-free survival rate was 83%, median PFS was 5.1 months and median OS was 15.2 months. Six months SSE-free survival rate and OS were comparable with those reported in ALSYMPCA. "Previous Cabazitaxel treatment" and "bone-only metastases" were independent predictors of a shorter and longer PFS, respectively, while above-median LDH and "bone-only metastases" were independent predictors of shorter and longer OS, respectively. Toxicity was similar as reported in the ALSYMPCA trial. These results suggest that in a nonstudy population, Ra-223 treatment is well-tolerated, equally effective as in the ALSYMPCA population and that patients not previously treated with Cabazitaxel benefit most from Ra-223.

More about this publication

International journal of cancer
  • Volume 147
  • Issue nr. 4
  • Pages 1143-1151
  • Publication date 15-08-2020

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