Frat is dispensable for canonical Wnt signaling in mammals.


Wnt-signal transduction through beta-catenin is thought to require the inhibition of GSK3 by Frat/GBP. To investigate the role of Frat in mammalian development, we have generated mice with targeted mutations in all three murine Frat homologs. We show that Frat is normally expressed at sites of active Wnt signaling. Surprisingly, Frat-deficient mice do not display gross abnormalities. Moreover, canonical Wnt signaling in primary cells is unaffected by the loss of Frat. These studies show that Frat is not an essential component of the canonical Wnt pathway in higher organisms, despite the strict requirement of Frat/GBP for maternal Wnt signaling in Xenopus.

More about this publication

Genes & development
  • Volume 19
  • Issue nr. 4
  • Pages 425-30
  • Publication date 15-02-2005

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