In 158 included patients 60 MR-EPFs (in 58/158 patients) were noted: twenty-six (43%) were new findings and thirty-four (57%) were equivocal findings on CT. Of the 34 equivocal findings 27 were 'rejected/less likely malignant' and 7 'confirmed/more likely malignant' based on MRI. In 29 patients (18%) the MR-EPFs had direct influence on treatment planning. Three patients (2%), eligible for CRS-HIPEC on CT, were deemed inoperable due to MR-EPFs.
MRI had an added value in more than a third of the patients due to abdominopelvic extraperitoneal findings that were undetected or indeterminate on CT and therefore influenced the treatment in a substantial part of the patients. Combined with the known accurate detection of peritoneal disease on MRI, MRI seems a logical addition to the diagnostic workup of potential CRS-HIPEC candidates.
In colorectal cancer (CRC) patients the selection of suitable cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic peritoneal chemotherapy (CRS-HIPEC) candidates is based on the location and extent of peritoneal metastases (PM) and presence of extraperitoneal metastases. MRI is increasingly being used to accurately assess the extent of PM, however, the significance of extraperitoneal findings in these scans has never been evaluated before.
CRC patients who had undergone an additional MRI scan after standard work-up with CT for preoperative staging between January 2016-January 2020 were selected. CT and MRI reports were reviewed for new abdominopelvic extra-peritoneal findings on MRI (MR-EPF) and MR-EPFs concerning lesions previously indicated as equivocal (uncertain benign/malignant) on CT. Reference standard were surgical results or follow-up imaging.