The MTD of oral paclitaxel was 300 mg/m(2). However, because the pharmacokinetic data of oral paclitaxel, in particular at the highest doses applied, revealed nonlinear pharmacokinetics with only a moderate further increase of the AUC with doses up to 300 mg/m(2), the oral paclitaxel dose of 180 mg/m(2) in combination with 15 mg/kg oral CsA is considered most appropriate for further investigation. The safety of the oral combination at this dose level was good.
A total of 53 patients received, on one occasion, oral paclitaxel in combination with CsA, coadministered to enhance the absorption of paclitaxel, and, on another occasion, intravenous paclitaxel at a dose of 175 mg/m(2) as a 3-hour infusion.
To investigate dose escalation of oral paclitaxel in combination with dose increment and scheduling of cyclosporine (CsA) to improve the systemic exposure to paclitaxel and to explore the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicity (DLT).
The main toxicities observed after oral intake of paclitaxel were acute nausea and vomiting, which reached DLT at the dose level of 360 mg/m(2). Dose escalation of oral paclitaxel from 60 to 300 mg/m(2) resulted in significant but less than proportional increases in the plasma area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of paclitaxel. The mean AUC values +/- SD after 60, 180, and 300 mg/m(2) of oral paclitaxel were 1.65 +/- 0.93, 3.33 +/- 2.39, and 3.46 +/- 1.37 micromol/L.h, respectively. Dose increment and scheduling of CsA did not result in a further increase in the AUC of paclitaxel. The AUC of intravenous paclitaxel was 15.39 +/- 3.26 micromol/L.h.