Baseline and on Treatment Biodistribution Variability of 18 F-FLT Uptake in Patients With Advanced Melanoma: Brief Communication.



Baseline interpatient 18 F-FLT uptake had a coefficient-of-variation between 17.5% and 21.5%. During treatment, liver uptake increased (SUV meanBL = 4.86 ± 0.98, SUV meanD14 = 6.31 ± 1.36, P < 0.001) and bone marrow uptake decreased (SUV meanBL = 7.67 ± 1.65, SUV meanD14 = 6.78 ± 1.19, P < 0.025). Both changes were unrelated to baseline metabolic tumor volume or tumor response.


This prospective study evaluates the biodistribution of 18 F-FLT PET in patients with advanced melanoma before and after treatment with BRAF/MEK inhibitors.


Eighteen BRAF-positive unresectable stage IIIc or IV melanoma patients referred for 18 F-FLT PET/CT before (BL) and during (D14) BRAF/MEK inhibition were included. 18 F-FLT accumulation in the liver, bone marrow, blood, and muscle was quantified.


To assess 18 F-FLT PET, both liver and bone marrow uptake may be used as normal tissue references at baseline, but 18 F-FLT biodistribution significantly changes in longitudinal response studies when treated with BRAF/MEK inhibitors.

More about this publication

Clinical nuclear medicine
  • Volume 49
  • Issue nr. 8
  • Pages 722-726
  • Publication date 01-08-2024

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