MRI can help to assess the spread of PM in colonic cancer. In right-sided tumors, the small bowel and upper abdominal regions are more frequently affected.
Right-sided colon tumors with peritoneal metastases (PM) are associated with a poorer prognosis than left-sided tumors. We hypothesized that a different pattern of spread could be characterized with abdominopelvic MRI. The objective of this study was to explore the spread of PM in relation to the primary tumor location on MRI.
This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with PM from colon cancer referred to be considered for CRS-HIPEC at a single tertiary referral center. Patients with colon cancer were eligible if they had undergone an abdominopelvic MRI scan following a clinical diagnosis of PM. The frequency of affected PCI regions on MRI (MRI-PCI) was assessed and compared between tumor sidedness.
One hundred eighteen patients were included with a median age of 65 (IQR: 56-72). 46% percent were male. The median MRI-PCI was 10 (IQR: 5-16) and 8 (IQR: 4-11) for right- and left-sided tumors, respectively (p = 0.39), and the median number of affected regions was 4 (IQR: 2-7 for right-sided and IQR 2-5 for left-sided tumors). PM was most frequently found close to the primary tumor. The odds ratio of patients with PM of left sided to be affected with PM in the upper abdominal regions was 0.42 (95% CI: 0.20-0.90) and with PM on the small bowels or mesentery was 0.42 (95% CI: 0.19-0.92) over a patient with PM of right-sided colon cancer.