Systematic study on the chemical stability of the prodrug antitumor agent carzelesin (U-80,244).


The chemical stability of the novel anticancer agent carzelesin in aqueous buffer/acetonitrile (1:1, v/v) mixtures has been investigated utilizing a stability-indicating reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic assay. The degradation kinetics of carzelesin has been studied as a function of pH, buffer composition, ionic strength, and temperature. Degradation of carzelesin follows (pseudo-) first-order kinetics. A pH-rate profile, using rate constants extrapolated to zero buffer concentration, was constructed demonstrating that carzelesin is most stable in the pH region 1-4. The degradation rate of carzelesin was not significantly affected by buffer components and by the ionic strength. In addition to the formation of the degradation products U-76,073, U-76,074, and aniline in alkaline medium and in acetate buffer solution, another degradation product was formed in acetate buffer solution. In perchloric acid buffer solution (pH* < 3), U-76,073 and U-76,074 could not be detected as degradation products.

More about this publication

Journal of pharmaceutical sciences
  • Volume 85
  • Issue nr. 11
  • Pages 1227-33
  • Publication date 01-11-1996

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