The combination of genetically encoded fluorescent probes and advanced microscopic techniques has dramatically propelled the understanding of cell biology. Highly complex reactions can now be studied in detail in a relatively cost-effective and easy manner and, perhaps most importantly, in the context of a single living cell. In the past decade, numerous reports have uncovered the localization of key molecules in virtually all cellular processes. However, there remains a need for more accurate determination of genuine protein-protein interactions and quantification of highly dynamic processes, which has resulted in the revival of several biophysical techniques. Recent applications of these techniques have deepened understanding of processes involved in antigen presentation to the immune system.