This study investigates the dose and time limits of adaptive 4DCBCT acquisitions (adaptive-acquisition) compared with current conventional 4DCBCT acquisition (conventional-acquisition). We investigate adaptive-acquisitions as low as 60 projections (∼25 s scan, 6 projections per respiratory phase) in conjunction with emerging image reconstruction methods. 4DCBCT images from 20 patients recruited into the adaptive CT acquisition for personalized thoracic imaging clinical study (NCT04070586) were resampled to simulate faster and lower imaging dose acquisitions. All acquisitions were reconstructed using Feldkamp-Davis-Kress (FDK), McKinnon-Bates (MKB), motion compensated FDK (MCFDK), motion compensated MKB (MCMKB) and simultaneous motion estimation and image reconstruction (SMEIR) algorithms. All reconstructions were compared against conventional-acquisition 4DFDK-reconstruction using Structural SIMilarity Index (SSIM), signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise-ratio (CNR), tissue interface sharpness diaphragm (TIS-D), tissue interface sharpness tumor (TIS-T) and center of mass trajectory (COMT) for difference in diaphragm and tumor motion. All reconstruction methods using 110-projection adaptive-acquisition (11 projections per respiratory phase) had a SSIM of greater than 0.92 relative to conventional-acquisition 4DFDK-reconstruction. Relative to conventional-acquisition 4DFDK-reconstruction, 110-projection adaptive-acquisition MCFDK-reconstructions images had 60% higher SNR, 10% higher CNR, 30% higher TIS-T and 45% higher TIS-D on average. The 110-projection adaptive-acquisition SMEIR-reconstruction images had 123% higher SNR, 90% higher CNR, 96% higher TIS-T and 60% higher TIS-D on average. The difference in diaphragm and tumor motion compared to conventional-acquisition 4DFDK-reconstruction was within submillimeter accuracy for all acquisition reconstruction methods. Adaptive-acquisitions resulted in faster scans with lower imaging dose and equivalent or improved image quality compared to conventional-acquisition. Adaptive-acquisition with motion compensated-reconstruction enabled scans with as low as 110 projections to deliver acceptable image quality. This translates into 92% lower imaging dose and 80% less scan time than conventional-acquisition.