A Comparison of Post-marketing Measures Imposed by Regulatory Agencies to Confirm the Tissue-Agnostic Approach.


There are currently four anti-cancer medicinal products approved for a tissue-agnostic indication. This is an indication based on a common biological characteristic rather than the tissue of origin. To date, the regulatory experience with tissue-agnostic approvals is limited. Therefore, we compared decision-making aspects of the first tissue-agnostic approvals between the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), European Medicines Agency (EMA) and Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA). Post-marketing measures (PMMs) related to the tissue-agnostic indication were of specific interest. The main data source was the publicly available review documents. The following data were collected: submission date, approval date, clinical trials and datasets, and PMMs. At the time of data collection, the FDA and PMDA approved pembrolizumab, larotrectinib, and entrectinib for a tissue-agnostic indication, while the EMA approved larotrectinib and entrectinib for a tissue-agnostic indication. There were differences in analysis sets (integrated vs. non-integrated), submission dates and requests for data updates between agencies. All agencies had outstanding issues that needed to be addressed in the post-market setting. For pembrolizumab, larotrectinib and entrectinib, the number of imposed PMMs varied between one and eight, with the FDA requesting the most PMMs compared to the other two agencies. All agencies requested at least one PMM per approval to address the remaining uncertainties related to the tissue-agnostic indication. The FDA and EMA requested data from ongoing and proposed trials, while the PMDA requested data from use-result surveys. Confirmation of benefit in the post-marketing setting is an important aspect of tissue-agnostic approvals, regardless of agency. Nonetheless, each approach to confirm benefit has its inherent limitations. Post-marketing data will be essential for the regulatory and clinical decisions-making of medicinal products with a tissue-agnostic indication.

More about this publication

Frontiers in medicine
  • Volume 9
  • Pages 893400
  • Publication date 02-07-2022

This site uses cookies

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website.