<sup>99m</sup>TcPSMA-radioguided surgery in oligorecurrent prostate cancer: the randomised TRACE-II trial.



To investigate whether combination treatment of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-based radioguided surgery (RGS) with short-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) improves oncological outcomes in men with oligorecurrent prostate cancer (PCa) as compared to treatment with short-term ADT only.


Combining RGS with short-term ADT might be oncologically beneficial for patients with oligorecurrent PCa. In this first randomised controlled trial, we are investigating the potential oncological benefits of this combined treatment, while also focusing on maintaining quality of life.


The TRACE-II study is an investigator-initiated, prospective, randomised controlled clinical trial. Patients (aged >18 years) with hormone-sensitive recurrent PCa after radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy (brachytherapy or external beam radiotherapy), with involvement of ≤2 lymph nodes or local oligorecurrent disease within the pelvis as determined by PSMA positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) are randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio between 6-month ADT (Arm A) or 6-month ADT plus RGS (Arm B). The primary objective is to determine clinical progression-free survival (CPFS) at 24 months. After PSMA-RGS, CPFS is defined as the time between the start of treatment and the appearance of a re-recurrence (any N1 or M1) as suggested by PSMA-PET/CT or symptoms related to progressive PCa, or death from any cause. The secondary objectives include metastasis-free survival at 2, 5 and 10 years, biochemical progression-free survival at 2 years, and patient-reported quality of life at 2, 5 and 10 years. A total of 60 patients, 30 per arm, will be included. The trial is powered (80%) to detect at least a 30% absolute difference in CPFS between the two study arms in the period 2 years after randomisation. We expect to enrol the required participants in 3 years. The study has an expected duration of 5 years in total.

More about this publication

BJU international
  • Volume 134
  • Issue nr. 1
  • Pages 81-88
  • Publication date 01-07-2024

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