Vincristine is a well-established cytotoxic drug. In paediatric populations blood collection via venipuncture is not always feasible. Volumetric absorptive microsampling (VAMS) is a less invasive method for blood collection. Furthermore, VAMS lacks the haematocrit effect on the recovery known with dried blood spots. Therefore, a liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the quantification of vincristine in whole blood collected with VAMS devices. Sample preparation consisted of solid-liquid extraction with 0.2% formic acid in water and acetonitrile. The final extract was injected on a C18 column (2.0 ×50 mm, 5 µm). Gradient elution was used and quantification was accomplished with a triple quadruple mass spectrometer operating in the positive mode. The validated concentration range was from 1 to 50 ng/mL with an intra- and inter-accuracy and precision of ± 10.3% and ≤ 7.3%, respectively. This method was able to successfully quantify vincristine concentrations in whole blood collected with VAMS from paediatric oncology patients. Vincristine concentrations in whole blood were non-linearly associated with plasma concentrations, which could be described with a saturable binding equilibrium model.