In vitro, transepithelial pralsetinib transport was assessed. In vivo, pralsetinib (10 mg/kg) was administered orally to relevant genetically modified mouse models. Pralsetinib concentrations in cell medium, plasma samples and organ homogenates were measured using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
SLCO1A/1B and CYP3A4 are unlikely to affect the pharmacokinetics of pralsetinib, but ABCG2 and especially ABCB1 markedly limit its brain and testis penetration, as well as oral availability. These effects are mostly reversed by oral coadministration of the ABCB1/ABCG2 inhibitor elacridar. These insights may be useful in the further clinical development of pralsetinib.
Pralsetinib is an FDA-approved oral small-molecule inhibitor for treatment of rearranged during transfection (RET) proto-oncogene fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer. We investigated how the efflux transporters ABCB1 and ABCG2, the SLCO1A/1B uptake transporters and the drug-metabolizing enzyme CYP3A influence pralsetinib pharmacokinetics.
Pralsetinib was efficiently transported by human (h)ABCB1 and mouse (m)Abcg2, but not hACBG2. In vivo, mAbcb1a/1b markedly and mAbcg2 slightly limited pralsetinib brain penetration (6.3-and 1.8-fold, respectively). Testis distribution showed similar results. Abcb1a/1b;Abcg2-/- mice showed 1.5-fold higher plasma exposure, 23-fold increased brain penetration, and 4-fold reduced recovery of pralsetinib in the small intestinal content. mSlco1a/1b deficiency did not affect pralsetinib oral availability or tissue exposure. Oral coadministration of the ABCB1/ABCG2 inhibitor elacridar boosted pralsetinib plasma exposure (1.3-fold) and brain penetration (19.6-fold) in wild-type mice. Additionally, pralsetinib was a modest substrate of mCYP3A, but not of hCYP3A4, which did not noticeably restrict the oral availability or tissue distribution of pralsetinib.