In patients with oligometastatic recurrent prostate cancer, standard treatment is androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). However, ADT has many potential side effects that may result in impaired quality of life. Early identification to select patients suitable for stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) is of utmost importance to prevent or delay start of ADT and its side effects. Because Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen-11-Positron Emission Tomography (PSMA-11-PET) has a higher sensitivity than choline-PET, we hypothesise that PSMA-11-PET based SABR results in longer response duration and subsequent longer delay in starting ADT than choline-PET.
Fifty patients (n = 40 PSMA-11-PET and n = 10 choline-PET) with in total 72 lesions were included. Median follow-up was 24.3 months. PSMA-11-PET enabled eligibility of patients with lower PSA levels than choline-PET (median 1.8 versus 4.2 ng/mL, p = 0.03). The PSMA-11-PET group had a significant longer PSA response duration (median 34.0 months (95% confidence interval (CI), 16.0-52.0) versus 14.7 months (95% CI 4.7-24.7), p = 0.004) with a subsequent longer ADT-free survival (median 32.7 months (95% CI, 20.8-44.5) versus 14.9 months (95% CI, 5.7-24.1), p = 0.01).
With PSMA-11-PET we are able to select patients with oligometastatic recurrent prostate cancer suitable for SABR in an earlier disease stage at lower PSA levels. PSMA-11-PET guided SABR resulted in a significant longer response duration and ADT-free survival compared with choline-PET and can therefore prevent or delay ADT related side effects.
Patients with oligometastatic (≤4 metastases) recurrent prostate cancer (with no local recurrence) based on PSMA-11-PET or choline-PET treated with SABR from January 2012 until December 2017 were included. Primary endpoint was ADT-free survival. Secondary endpoints were Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) response after SABR and time to PSA rise after SABR.