DNA-PKcs promotes fork reversal and chemoresistance.

Abstract

The DNA-PKcs kinase mediates the repair of DNA double-strand breaks via classical non-homologous end joining (NHEJ). DNA-PKcs is also recruited to active replication forks, although a role for DNA-PKcs in the control of fork dynamics is unclear. Here, we identify a crucial role for DNA-PKcs in promoting fork reversal, a process that stabilizes stressed replication forks and protects genome integrity. DNA-PKcs promotes fork reversal and slowing in response to several replication stress-inducing agents in a manner independent of its role in NHEJ. Cells lacking DNA-PKcs activity show increased DNA damage during S-phase and cellular sensitivity to replication stress. Notably, prevention of fork slowing and reversal via DNA-PKcs inhibition efficiently restores chemotherapy sensitivity in BRCA2-deficient mammary tumors with acquired PARPi resistance. Together, our data uncover a new key regulator of fork reversal and show how DNA-PKcs signaling can be manipulated to alter fork dynamics and drug resistance in cancer.

More about this publication

Molecular cell
  • Publication date 10-09-2022

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