Development and validation of an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry method for the quantification of the antileishmanial drug paromomycin in human skin tissue.


Bioanalytical assay development and validation procedures were performed to quantify antiprotozoal drug paromomycin in human skin tissue by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Paromomycin, an aminoglycoside drug, is administered intra-muscularly and used in the treatment of multiple clinical presentations of the neglected tropical disease leishmaniasis. It is currently studied in the treatment of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis, a disease where the Leishmania parasites divide and reside in the skin. We present a target-site bioanalytical method to accurately quantify paromomycin in human skin tissue, with the clinical purpose of quantifying paromomycin in skin biopsies from post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis patients originating from Sudan. Enzymatic digestion using collagenase A incubated at 37 °C overnight was employed as homogenization method to produce skin tissue homogenates. Further sample preparation was performed by protein precipitation using trichloroacetic acid and a dilution step. Final extracts were injected onto a C18 analytical column and isocratic heptafluorobutyric acid ion-pair separation and elution were employed. The chromatography system was coupled to a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer for detection. The method was validated in digestion solution over a linear range from 5 to 1000 ng/mL (r2 ≥ 0.9967) with the assay performance of accuracy and precision within acceptable criteria values as stated by the EMA guidelines. Furthermore, matrix effects were observed in human skin tissue and were corrected by the multiple deuterated paromomycin internal standard. No substantial IS-normalized matrix effect was detected along with relatively high sample preparation recovery. Consequently, digestion solution matrix serving as the preparation of calibration standards can be used as surrogate matrix for human skin tissue, which is convenient given the limited availability of control matrix. Finally, paromomycin was accurately quantified in skin of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis patients originating from clinical trials in Sudan.

More about this publication

Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences
  • Volume 1211
  • Pages 123494
  • Publication date 15-11-2022

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