The influence of body mass index on the tolerability and effectiveness of full-weight-based paclitaxel chemotherapy in women with early-stage breast cancer.

Abstract

RESULTS

Four hundred (400) patients were included in this study; 200 (50%) lean, 125 (31%) overweight, and 75 (19%) obese patients. The adjusted odds ratio to receive RDI < 85% for BMI was 1.02 (p value, .263). Treatment modifications occurred in 115 (58%), 82 (66%), and 52 (69%) patients in the respective BMI categories (p value = .132). Peripheral neuropathy was observed in 79 (40%), 58 (46%), and 41 (55%) patients in the lean, overweight, and obese group (p value = .069), whereas hematologic toxicity was observed in 31 (16%), 10 (8%), and 4 (5%) patients (p value = .025). Pathological complete response was observed in 22 (17%), 11 (14%), and 6 (13%) patients in the respective BMI categories (p value = .799).

METHODS

Early-stage breast cancer patients who received (neo)adjuvant weekly paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 chemotherapy were included in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into three groups based on their BMI: lean, overweight, and obese. Logistic regression was used to assess for association between BMI with administered relative dose intensity (RDI) < 85%. The occurrence of treatment modifications and the pathological response on neoadjuvant chemotherapy were compared between BMI categories.

PURPOSE

To investigate the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the tolerability and effectiveness of full-weight-based paclitaxel chemotherapy in early breast cancer patients.

CONCLUSION

BMI did not significantly influence the tolerability and effectiveness of full-weight-based paclitaxel chemotherapy. Therefore, the results of this study align with current guideline recommendations of using full-weight-based paclitaxel chemotherapy in obese patients.

More about this publication

Breast cancer research and treatment
  • Volume 195
  • Issue nr. 3
  • Pages 325-331
  • Publication date 01-10-2022

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