ModraDoc006, an oral docetaxel formulation in combination with ritonavir (ModraDoc006/r), in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients: A phase Ib study.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

ModraDoc006 is an oral formulation of docetaxel, which is co-administered with the cytochrome P450 3A4 and P-glycoprotein inhibitor ritonavir (r): ModraDoc006/r. Weekly treatment with ModraDoc006/r had been evaluated in phase I trials in patients with different types of advanced solid tumors, but up to this point in time not in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC).

CONCLUSION

The RP2D was established at weekly ModraDoc006/r 30-20/200-100. Observed PSA and radiological responses suggest promising clinical activity. These results have led to an ongoing randomized Phase 2b study, comparing weekly ModraDoc006/r with 3-weekly IV docetaxel in patients with mCRPC.

AIM

We assessed safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) of ModraDoc006/r to establish the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) in patients with mCRPC.

METHODS

mCRPC patients, treatment naïve or following abiraterone or enzalutamide treatment, were included. Dose-escalation of ModraDoc006/r was based on safety and docetaxel PK. Antitumor activity was assessed by serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and radiological evaluation.

RESULTS

Cohort 1 (n = 5) received once weekly ModraDoc006 30 mg with ritonavir 100 mg in the morning, and ModraDoc006 20 mg with ritonavir 100 mg in the evening (30-20/100-100). The mean docetaxel area under the plasma concentration-time curve (mAUC0-inf) was 461 ng/mL × h with 1 dose limiting toxicity (DLT); grade 3 alanine transferase increase. In cohort 2 (n = 6, ModraDoc006/r 30-20/200-200), the mAUC0-inf was 1687 ng/mL × h with 2 DLTs; grade 3 diarrhea and mucositis. In cohort 3A (n = 6, ModraDoc006/r 30-20/200-100), the mAUC0-inf was 1517 ng/mL × h with 1 DLT; grade 3 diarrhea. In cohort 3B (n = 3, ModraDoc006/r 20-20/200-100), the mAUC0-inf was 558 ng/mL × h without DLTs. The mAUC0-inf exceeded estimated exposures of intravenous docetaxel in cohort 2 and 3A, was lower in cohort 1 and was in range in cohort 3B. PSA decreases of >50% occurred in 6/10 evaluable patients throughout the various cohorts. In five radiological evaluable patients, two confirmed partial responses were observed.

More about this publication

Cancer reports (Hoboken, N.J.)
  • Volume 4
  • Issue nr. 4
  • Pages e1367
  • Publication date 01-08-2021

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