The development and validation of a high performance liquid chromatography method to determine the radiochemical purity of [<sup>177</sup>Lu]Lu-HA-DOTA-TATE in pharmaceutical preparations.


Lutetium-177 [177Lu] tetra-azacyclododecanetetra-acetic acid [DOTA]-(Tyr3)-octreotate [TATE] ([177Lu]Lu-DOTA-TATE) is a radiopeptide used for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy in patients with neuroendocrine tumours (NETs). This radiopeptide is made by labelling the ligand octreotate with Lutetium-177 using the linker DOTA. After labelling, and before clinical application quality control of the radiopeptide is needed and the radiochemical purity is assessed. Acceptance limits for radiochemical purity should be within 90-110% of the label claim for radiopharmaceuticals for diagnostic use and within 95-105% of the label claim for radiopharmaceuticals for therapeutic use. Moreover, the amount of unlabelled [177Lu]LuCl3 cannot exceed 2% of the radioactive dose. Since no monograph is available for [177Lu]Lu-DOTA-TATE in the European Pharmacopeia (Ph Eur), this article describes the development and validation of a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with ultraviolet (UV) detection and radiodetection. A Waters Acquity Arc UHPLC system equipped with a Waters 2998 photodiode array (PDA) detector was used coupled to a Berthold Lb 514 Flowstar detector equipped with a BGO-X gamma measuring cell. A reversed phase Symmetry Shield C18 column (4.6 mm × 250 mm, 5 µm) was used for chromatographic separation. A flow of 1.5 mL/min was maintained during analysis, using 0.1% TFA in water as mobile phase A and 0.1% TFA in ACN as mobile phase B. The retention time was around 1.7 min and 13.5 min for [177Lu]LuCl3 and [177Lu]Lu-HA-DOTA-TATE, respectively. Stock solutions of [177Lu]LuCl3 were made by serial dilution and were injected to test for linearity, accuracy and precision, carry over and signal-to-noise ratio. A [177Lu]Lu-HA-DOTA-TATE sample was prepared and injected to determine the carry over. The results showed that the method is linear over a range of 0.300-130 MBq/mL, which covers the range for clinical samples, provided that the clinical sample is diluted ten times before analysis. The LLOQ can be measured accurately even after dilution, with a signal-to-noise ratio of at least 5. In short, the method is accurate, precise and sensitive and can be implemented as part of the quality control of [177Lu]Lu-HA-DOTA-TATE.

More about this publication

Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences
  • Volume 1171
  • Pages 122605
  • Publication date 01-05-2021

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