Milciclib is a promising cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor currently in phase II clinical trials to treat several types of cancer. The first bioanalytical method for the quantitative analysis of milciclib in several biomatrices using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry is described here. This method was fully validated in human plasma according to FDA and EMA guidelines, and partially validated in mouse plasma, homogenates of mouse brain, kidney, liver, small intestine, spleen, and tissue culture medium. Palbociclib, an analog compound, was used as internal standard. A simple and fast sample pre-treatment by protein precipitation with acetonitrile was used, leading to efficient extraction of the analyte with recoveries between 95-100%. Chromatographic separation was achieved with a C18 analytical column and a gradient elution using 10 mM ammonium bicarbonate in water and 10 mM ammonium bicarbonate in water-methanol (1:9, v/v). This assay was selective, accurate, precise and linear in the concentration range of 1-1000 ng/mL. Moreover, samples above the upper limit of quantification can be integrally diluted up to 10-fold prior to analysis. The use of human plasma as a surrogate matrix to quantify milciclib in tissue culture medium and mouse matrices resulted in acceptable accuracy and precision, however tissue culture medium samples required a dilution with human plasma prior the pre-treatment. All performance parameters of the method complied with the acceptance criteria recommended by the guidelines, except for the carry-over, which was slightly above (22.9% of the lower limit of quantification) the recommended percentage (20%). Therefore, additional measures were taken to assure data integrity. Stability of milciclib in all matrices was evaluated, and in some matrices the analyte was unstable under the tested conditions. It is therefore recommended to keep these samples as briefly as possible at room temperature during the pre-treatment, and to store them at -70 °C to avoid analyte degradation. This method was successfully applied to support preclinical pharmacokinetic studies of milciclib.