Clinical Relevance of High Plasma Trough Levels of the Kinase Inhibitors Crizotinib, Alectinib, Osimertinib, Dabrafenib, and Trametinib in NSCLC Patients.



A total of 542 patients were included in the different K.I. groups. A high C min,ss of crizotinib (n = 96), alectinib (n = 105), osimertinib (n = 227), dabrafenib (n = 52), and trametinib (n = 62) correlated with a C min,ss ≥490, ≥870, ≥405, ≥150, and ≥25 ng/mL, respectively. DLTs were more common in the alectinib high group than in the alectinib non-high group (64% vs. 29%, P = 0.036). Liver toxicity was observed in 4 (36%) patients in the high group and 5 (5%) patients in the non-high group ( P = 0.007). For other K.I.s, no significant differences were observed in the frequency of DLTs between the high and non-high groups.


For alectinib, high C min,ss was correlated with a higher risk of DLT. No differences in the frequency of DLTs were observed between the high and non-high groups for crizotinib, osimertinib, dabrafenib, and trametinib.


In this retrospective cohort study, patients with non-small-cell lung cancer treated with the selected K.I.s were included if at least one plasma trough level at steady state (C min,ss ) was available. Data were extracted from electronic medical records and laboratory databases. The high group for each K.I. was defined as 10% of patients with the highest first C min,ss . The remaining patients were placed in the non-high group. The frequency of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), defined as adverse events leading to dose reduction, dose interruption, or permanent discontinuation, was compared between the 2 groups.


the study aims to evaluate whether high plasma trough levels of the kinase inhibitors (K.I.s) crizotinib, alectinib, osimertinib, dabrafenib, and trametinib were associated with a higher risk of toxicity in non-small-cell lung cancer patients.

More about this publication

Therapeutic drug monitoring
  • Volume 46
  • Issue nr. 1
  • Pages 73-79
  • Publication date 01-02-2024

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