Dosimetric benefit of a library of plans versus single-plan strategy for pre-operative gastric cancer radiotherapy.

Abstract

CONCLUSION

A LoP strategy for pre-operative gastric cancer reduced average PTV and reduced OAR dose compared to a SP strategy, thereby potentially reducing risks for radiation-induced toxicities.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Twelve patients who received SP CBCT-guided pre-operative gastric radiotherapy (45 Gy; 25 fractions) were included. Clinical target volume (CTV) consisted of CTVstomach (i.e., stomach + 10 mm uniform margin minus OARs) and CTVLN (i.e., regional lymph node stations). For LoP, five stomach volumes (approximately equidistant with fixed volumes) were created using a previously developed stomach deformation model (volume = 150-750 mL). Appropriate planning target volume (PTV) margins were calculated for CTVstomach (SP and LoP, separately) and CTVLN. Treatment plans were automatically generated/optimized and the best-fitting library plan was manually selected for each daily CBCT. OARs (i.e., liver, kidneys, heart, spleen, spinal canal) doses were accumulated and dose-volume histogram (DVH) parameters were evaluated.

RESULTS

The non-isotropic PTVstomach margins were significantly (p < 0.05) smaller for LoP than SP (median = 13.1 vs 19.8 mm). For each patient, the average PTV was smaller using a LoP (difference range 134-1151 mL). For all OARs except the kidneys, DVH parameters were significantly reduced using a LoP. Differences in mean dose (Dmean) for liver, heart and spleen ranged between -1.8 to 5.7 Gy. For LoP, a benefit of heart Dmean > 4 Gy and spleen Dmean > 2 Gy was found in 4 and 5 patients, respectively.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE

The stomach experiences large volume and shape changes during pre-operative gastric radiotherapy. This study evaluates the dosimetric benefit for organs-at-risk (OARs) of a library of plans (LoP) compared to the traditional single-plan (SP) strategy.

More about this publication

Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
  • Volume 182
  • Pages 109582
  • Publication date 01-05-2023

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