PD-1T TILs as a predictive biomarker for clinical benefit to PD-1 blockade in patients with advanced NSCLC.



PD-1T TILs as a biomarker reached 77% sensitivity and 67% specificity at 6 months, and 93% and 65% at 12 months, respectively. Particularly, a patient group without clinical benefit was reliably identified, indicated by a high negative predictive value (NPV) (88% at 6 months, 98% at 12 months). High PD-1T TILs related to significantly longer progression-free (HR 0.39, 95% CI: 0.24-0.63, p<0.0001) and overall survival (HR 0.46, 95% CI: 0.28-0.76, p<0.01). Predictive performance was increased when lesion-specific responses and samples obtained immediately before treatment were assessed. Notably, the predictive performance of PD-1TTILs was superior to PD-L1 and TLS in the same cohort.


PD-1T TILs were digitally quantified in120 baseline samples from advanced NSCLC patients treated with PD-1 blockade. Primary outcome was Disease Control (DC) at 6 months. Secondary outcomes were DC at 12 months and survival. Exploratory analyses addressed the impact of lesion-specific responses, tissue sample properties and combination with other biomarkers on the predictive value of PD-1T TILs.


This study established PD-1T TILs as predictive biomarker for clinical benefit to PD-1 blockade in advanced NSCLC patients. Most importantly, the high NPV demonstrates an accurate identification of a patient group without benefit.


Durable clinical benefit to PD-1 blockade in NSCLC is currently limited to a small fraction of patients, underlining the need for predictive biomarkers. We recently identified a tumor-reactive tumor-infiltrating T lymphocyte (TIL) pool, termed PD-1T TILs, with predictive potential in NSCLC. Here, we examined PD-1T TILs as biomarker in NSCLC.

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Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • Publication date 19-07-2022

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